ZnO is a white powder that is insoluble in water, and it is widely used as an additive in numerous materials and products including rubbers, plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricants, paints, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, foods, batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, and first-aid tapes.
Although it occurs naturally as the mineral zincite, most zinc oxide is produced synthetically.
|Molar mass||81.406 g/mol|
|Melting point||1,974 °C (3,585 °F; 2,247 K) (decomposes)|
|Boiling point||1,974 °C (3,585 °F; 2,247 K) (decomposes)|
|Band gap||3.3 eV (direct)|