Benzene, a commonly used industrial solvent is also an air pollutant and a potent carcinogen
Benzene may be used in the following processes:
• Formation of phenyl acetate by aerobic oxidation using Pd catalyst and acetic acid as solvent.
• Formation of phenol by hydroxylation in the presence of mesoporous carbon nitride supported on vanadium catalyst.
• As a solvent to prepare nanoparticles of gallium nitride (GaN) by reacting Li3N and GaCl3 at 280°C.
|vapor density||2.77 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||166 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)|
|74.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)|
|autoignition temp.||1043 °F|
|expl. lim.||8 %|
|<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)|
|refractive index||n20/D 1.501 (lit.)|
|bp||80 °C (lit.)|
|mp||5.5 °C (lit.)|
|density||0.874 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)|